But a pathologist doesn't just use the stains to determine the type of cancer. He or she digs deeper to learn more about the cancer.
Applying more specific stains to the tissue can reveal different proteins in the cell(SEL) — One of the most basic components of all living things that together form the entire body and contains many smaller parts that guide its function. Each type of cancer has its own unique combination of proteins and receptors(REE-SEP-TORS) — A protein in or on a cell that may control some functions of the cell.
Testing for these proteins is extremely important because the proteins will tell the doctor which treatments he or she could use. When oncologists know which type of receptor to target, they can recommend a treatment(TREET-MINT) — Techniques to help eliminate or control a disease that might have more success in eliminating or treating that type of cancer.